It is amazing what you find on the internet.
The Bill of Rights 1689 Item 12. All grants and promises of fines and forfeitures of particular persons before conviction, are illegal and void.
In short Item 12 means you cannot be threatened with the consequences of your actions before you are convicted, doing so invalidates the crime.
What this means is if the Council people say ‘you will be fined £1000 if you do not clear up after your dog’ the Judge must throw the case out because you have been threatened before being convicted.
Like wise TV licence, ‘If you do not have a TV Licence you will be fined £1000’ or ‘we know where you live’ thrown out
BW ‘licence it or lose it’, not legal.
So if you are arrested by a police officer and he says “You’ll get ten years for this” you can laugh at his expense because he has just invoked the 1689 Bill.
Of course that is not the only thing I would take into a court room, a slick brief would be handy as well!